“I was going to go to the coffee shop and actually write the sermon,” he said from his office at Park Avenue Baptist Church in Atlanta. “But as of … (Wednesday) morning, I have yet to work on the sermon.”
Welcome to the business side of ministry, which Lankford and a growing number of seminaries say has become more challenging than ever in the modern church.
“I’d like to say that all my time was spent helping the poor and finding new ways to proclaim the gospel,” Lankford said.
“But the honest truth is, I spend far more time than I expected … on church administration—getting the bills paid, the lawn mowed, the volunteers trained and the plumber called.”
Knowing many churches today operate with smaller staffs and greater demands on facilities and human resources than in the past, seminaries are responding with programs aimed at equipping future ministers with the administrative, financial and other business-oriented skills they’ll need to succeed.
Those pressures convinced Baylor University regents recently to approve a new dual master of divinity and master of business administration program.
Linking faculty and resources between Truett Theological Seminary and the Hankamer School of Business, a university official said, will produce pastors with the know-how required to keep churches and ministries running in the black.
“Churches have always been concerned that their pastors may not know business,” said David Garland, dean of Truett Seminary.
But given smaller budgets, older facilities and demands for more ministries, Garland said, the university felt an increasing interest in producing graduates more capable of multitasking.
“And there is a concern there that churches need not only the pastor with the theological training, but with administrative and business expertise,” he said. “That was the primary driver.”
Baylor isn’t alone. Mercer University offers a master of divinity/master of business administration degree and a master of divinity/master of science in organizational leadership degree, among other tracks. Gardner-Webb and Campbell universities are among those who do so, as well.
Combining master’s-level divinity and business degrees is a relatively recent but fast-growing trend, Dan Aleshire, executive director of the Association of Theological Schools, told Inside Higher Ed in August.
American churches have transformed from Sunday-only places to around-the-clock, seven-days-a-week ministry centers that require business savvy to operate, said Jim Singleton Jr., associate professor of pastoral leadership and evangelism at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in Boston.
Many seminaries now are having serious conversations about how and where their students should receive the training needed to be effective administrators, he said.
Some schools assume students will pick up those skills during internships. Others assume they’ll be learned during stints as associate pastors. Only a few have the topic built robustly into their curricula.
Delegating issues like budgeting, vision statements and HR duties to capable lay people—while a good idea—still doesn’t get pastors off the hook, because they still are responsible ultimately for the outcome, Singleton said.
It’s why some kind of stronger business education—including MBA programs—is a good idea for ministers.
“There are a group of folks, and a group of churches, out there who would love to have someone with those skills,” he said.
Of course, it helps if a minister has a positive attitude and sees the administrative side of church as a blessing and not a chore.
Bill Whitaker considers himself in that category. The newly installed executive pastor at Bon Air Baptist Church in Richmond, Va., said he felt a calling to the ministry back in his undergraduate business school days.
But it wasn’t an either/or calling, Whitaker said. Rather, he felt pushed into roles as church administrator and business pastor at different congregations before joining Bon Air in October.
There, his job is to oversee the staff, finances, facilities and food-service operations at the multisite church. He also will mentor and coach other ministers and perform project management duties.
“Churches have grown, and they have become more complex,” Whitaker said. “I believe the Lord was calling me here.”
But it’s not just pastors who need business acumen, Garland said.
The new joint degree at Baylor is also meant for ministers and lay people who operate nonprofit groups. And then there are those headed into business careers, who see their jobs as callings.
Lankford said he sees the logic behind those programs and added he could have stood more training in administration before becoming a full-time pastor.
“Seminaries may be doing that already, and maybe I just missed that day,” he said.